Home > editors send advice > principles of the contract in favour of a third party (stipulatio alteri) 2) The benefit is received directly by the promisor; the fact that the commitment gives the beneficiary the benefit of the contract.  An example of the third scenario would be where Sandy paid Joan to mow Jane`s lawn. When Jane heard about the deal, she called her usual landscaping company to tell them that she would no longer need her services for the next two weeks. Jane relied on Joan`s promise to Sandy to her detriment, and she was drawn as a beneficiary. Sandy can`t let Joan out of the deal without Jane`s consent. For third-party rights to exist, certain contractual criteria must be met to demonstrate that a third-party beneficiary has rights under the contract, he must be a intended beneficiary, unlike a secondary beneficiary. The third party must argue and prove that he or she was indeed a intended beneficiary. In the event of a breach of a contract in favour of a third party by non-compliance with the object, the beneficiary may sue the complainant for the violation, as any contracting party can sue the other party. Since the third party`s rights are defined by the contract between the recipient of the promise and the recipient of the promise, the beneficiary can object to the beneficiary with any objections that might be invoked against the recipient of the promise. These are all the traditional bases on which contracting can be challenged (for example.B. lack of capacity, lack of consideration, fraud law) and all the traditional bases on which the contract`s inflection can be excused (for example.B. The clearest example of a third-party beneficiary is in life insurance contracts. An individual enters into a contract with an insurance company that requires the payment of death benefits to third parties.
This third party does not sign the contract and may not even be aware of its existence, but it has the right to benefit from it. The rights of a third-party beneficiary are clearer if that person or company is specifically mentioned in the contract. In such cases, a third-party benefit clause is added, identifying an individual or company that wishes to benefit from the agreement. This right is strengthened by law when the third-party beneficiary is aware of the agreement and the expected benefit. In a 2012 case in New York City, Logan-Baldwin v. L.S.M General Contractors, Inc., homeowners hired LSM to restore their home. LSM hired Henry Isaacs, a subcontractor, to help with the cover. Henry Isaacs hired Hal Brewster to support the project, but Brewster caused home damage and forced the owners to repair the damage themselves.
The owners sued LSM and Isaacs for breach of contract. Mr. Isaacs submitted that the owners are not entitled to subcontract with LSM because the owners are not third parties to the subcontracting.